OKAMURA Masashi Professor

My DreamGlobal food safety and stable food supply based on disease control of livestock and poultry

Theme1)Control of foodborne pathogen contamination of chicken flocks, chicken meat and eggs
2)Elucidation of host-specific infection mechanisms of pathogens

Field

Microbiology, Avian diseases, Food hygiene, Zoonoses

Keyword

Salmonella, Poultry, Campylobacter, Food-borne diseases, Zoonoses

Instructable research topic for doctoral thesis

鶏群・鶏肉の食中毒起因菌汚染低減対策の確立
家禽チフス菌の病原メカニズムの解明

Message

私は、いわゆる「町の獣医さん」を目指して獣医大学に入学しましたが、入学後に獣医師の職域の広さに驚かされました。結果的に私は臨床獣医師ではなく、病原細菌や動物の感染症に関する研究・教育に携わる大学教員として現在に至っています。
国家試験までは、知識を蓄積し、解答のある問題を解くことが中心ですが、獣医師になってからはどの職業を選んでも「自分で問題を見つけて自分なりの答えを導き出す」ことが必要になります。知識も知恵も必要ですが、それに基づいて自分で考えることがより重要です。このリサーチマインドを養うためにも、私とともに研究を楽しみませんか?そして食の安全確保と安定供給に貢献しましょう!

Academic degree Ph.D.in Veterinary Sciences
License Veterinarian
Self introduction

I was born in Osaka, but I spent almost half of my life in Towada, Aomori, and now I have come back to Obihiro after 16 years.
Up until now, I have mainly been conducting research on salmonellosis and campylobacteriosis in poultry. In Obihiro, I would like to continue this research and also challenge new research.
My hobbies are work out (currently stopped by Corona) and reading, but I also chopped wood and did DIY for practical use in Towada. I feel very happy when I find a cheap but tasty Italian wine.

Room addressGeneral Research Building 1
Room numberS2102-1
Mail address okamuram atmark obihiro.ac.jp

Belongs

Research Department/Department of Veterinary Medicine/Division of Veterinary Sciences/Section of Applied Veterinary Sciences

Introduction

1. Establishment of measures to reduce contamination of poultry flocks and chicken meat by foodborne pathogens
The number of foodborne illnesses caused by contaminated chicken meat continues to increase. The main causative bacteria are Salmonella and Campylobacter. In order to establish measures to reduce the contamination of poultry flocks with food poisoning bacteria at the consumption stage, the poultry processing stage, and even at the production stage on farms, we have been investigating the contamination of poultry flocks and poultry meat at farms and poultry processing plants. The future challenge is to elucidate the contamination pathways.

2. Pathogenic mechanism and host specificity of fowl typhoid
Most of the pathogenic Salmonella serotypes cause diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms in various animals (food poisoning in humans), while only a few serotypes (less than 10) cause sepsis and death in specific animal hosts. However, the mechanism of this strong host-specific virulence has not yet been clarified so far. We identified 50 antigens expressed by Salmonella enterica serotype Gallinarum in infected chickens and narrowed down the genes that are thought to be important for the pathogenesis of fowl typhoid and the virulence of the organism, based on the phenotype (decreased virulence) in chickens of mutant strains. We are trying to clarify how these genes are involved in the development of fowl typhoid and how they are involved in the mechanism that makes the bacteria highly pathogenic and lethal only to birds.

Through these two themes, we aim to contribute to ensuring food safety and a stable supply of food.

A chicken suffuring from fowl typhoid shows ruffled feathers and lethalgy.
A chicken suffuring from fowl typhoid shows diffuse white necrotic foci in the liver.

List of current research topics

Establishment of measures to reduce contamination of poultry flocks and poultry meat with foodborne pathogens
Elucidation of the pathogenic mechanism of fowl typhoid
Elucidation of the vertical infection mechanism of pullorum disease

Related industries Poultry Industry, Animal Health and Public Health, Pharmaceutical products (vaccines etc.) for animals, Food Safety
Affiliated academic society The Japanese Society of Veterinary Science, The Japanese Society on Poultry Diseases, Japanese Society for Bacteriology, Japanese Society of Food Microbiology, Japan Society of Veterinary Epidemiology, Japanese Society of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Academic background 1992-1998: BVSc in Kitasato University School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences
1998-2002: Ph.D. in Osaka Prefecture University Graduate School of Agriculture and Biological Sciences
Mar 2001-Mar 2002: Visiting Scientist in USDA-ARS (Beltville, MD, USA)
Apr 2002-Nov 2002: Postdoc Scientist in USDA-ARS (Beltville, MD, USA)
Dec 2002-Dec 2004: Postdoc in National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinar Medicine
Jan 2005-Dec 2020: Research Associate - Associate Professor in Kitasato University School of Veterinary Medicine
Jan 2021-Present: Professor in Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinar Medicine