URASHIMA Tadasu Professor

My DreamThe clarification why the mammalian has evoluved during the study of milk oligosaccharides

ThemeComparative study of milk oligosaccharides and clarication of its biological function, Development of high functional dairy lactic acid bacteria

Field

Strucural biochemistry, Functional biochemistry, Glycobiology, Dairy science

Keyword

Milk oligosaccharides, Milk, Dairy lactic acid bacteria, Milk products
  • Dairy Chemistry

Instructable research topic for doctoral thesis

  • 家畜乳におけるオリゴ糖ヌクレオチドの探索と機能に関する研究
  • 各種哺乳動物のミルクオリゴ糖に関する研究
  • 多糖生産乳酸菌に関する研究

Message

乳を対象とする研究分野には、乳にはどのような成分が含まれていて、それぞれがどのような働きをするのかを明らかにすることを目的とするものと、乳製品に機能性をもった成分や乳酸菌を加えて加工方法を工夫し、高付加価値をもった乳製品を開発することを目的とするものとがあります。各々の哺乳動物種で、乳成分のもつ働きは微妙に違ってきますから、そのような機能性を明らかにしていくことは、哺乳動物種の子育てと環境への適応戦略の進化を知ることにもつながってきます。乳がどのような働きをもっているのだろうかという疑問は、子供や大人の健康にとって価値の高い乳製品を開発するヒントにもなります。乳などの食品を化学的に理解するだけでなくて、生物学的な視点からもながめてはどうでしょうか。

Academic degree D. Agr
Self introduction

I was born in Hiroshima. I have been studied oligosaccharides in several mammlian milk with respect of evolution. I have published a popular scientific book entitled "Evolution of milk and mammary glands".

Room addressGeneral Research Building 3
Mail address urashima atmark obihiro.ac.jp

Belongs

Research Department/Department of Life and Food Sciences/Division of Food Science/Section of Biomolecular Structure and Function
Faculty (Unit)Food Science Program

Introduction

I have studied milk oligosaccharides of many mammalian species including monotremes (platypus and echidna), monotremes (kangaroo, wallaby, koala, possum, quoll etc), and eutherians (primates, carnivoras,artiodactyla, cetacea, etc)for more than 30 years. There are homology and heterogeneity of milk oligosaccharide structures among mammalian species with respect of species evolution and their living strategies. I try to know how milk oligosaccharides have evolved during the mammalian evolution.The strains of dairy lactic acid bacteria sometimes produce extracellular polysaccharide, which causes the viscosity of fermented product.In a few case, such polysaccharide has the beneficial functions such as immuno modulation. I have been studing the chamical structures and functions of these polysaccharides.

List of current research topics

  • Comparative aspect of milk oligosaccharides
  • Sugar nucleotides in milk
  • Structure and function of extracellular polysaccharides produced by dairy lactic acid bacteria.
Related industries Milk products technology, Dairy industry, Dairy science, Food
Affiliated academic society Dairy Science Association, Glycoscience Association, Bioscience and Biotechnology Association, Applied Glycoscience Association, Zootechnical Science Association
Editor Milk Science, chief editor, 2015 - 2018
Editorial Board
  • Milk Science, 2015 - 2018
Academic background 1980 Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology
1982 Tohoku University, Master course of Agriculture
1986 Tohoku University, Doctor course of Agriculture
1986 Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Assistant Professor
1994 Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Associate Professor
2003- present