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Africa Veterinary Epidemiology Veterinary Communication

bˆγƒRƒ~ƒ…ƒjƒP[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“/Veterinary Communication

 

Not veterinarians ; but producers know better

Application of participatory tools for improving communication between veterinarians and small scale dairy producers in Japan*

Kadohira,M. (Obihiro Univ. of Agri. and Vet.Medicine,Japan)
Horikita, T. (Chiba NOSAI*,Japan)

*What is NOSAI ? @ Itfs an agriculture mutual insurance system for livestock.

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Objectives

  1. to understand producersf problems from their viewpoint
  2. to enable producers to play pivotal roles for solving their own problems
  3. to learn whether participatory tools are useful for objectives 1 & 2

Materials and Methods
@ Participatory tools are
@@ 1) created to understand problems and empower people
@@ 2) to enable local people to analyze and solve their own problems

Order of tool usage
@@ 1) problem listing and sorting by brain-storming using the K-J method
@@ 2) problem ranking
@@ 3) problem tree analysis
@@ 4) objective tree analysis
@@ 5) action plan
–This work was supported in part by research project, grant in aid for scientific research (#16613003) from JSPS.

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Case study1:@Producer Group meeting

gWhat are your main concern on continuing your dairy business?h
Problem listing and sorting using K-J method

Ranking their problems using pair-wise ranking method

gAgeh was ranked No.1, but gProfith was used as an example.

Making a problem tree on one subject

Making an objective tree


Producers design own action plans

gWhat can I do for improving udder health?h

Taking actions and monitoring progress with veterinarians

Findings:
 This approach enables producers to clarify problems for improving farm management.
 Group meetings create an opportunity among producers to learn by themselves.
 Step-by-step process is important for producers to recognize their problems and find their own solutions by themselves.


Case study ‚Q:@@Family Meeting

A dairy farm@@@run by a family of three; father i58 yrsj, mother i56 yrsj, son i33yrs, not married)# cow 44
Problems analyzed by veterinarians (Fig.1)


Problems identified by family members (Fig.2)


By the end of the meeting, Father said


Findings:
 Problems on the farm are clearly identified and visualized.
 Difference in problem listing/ranking between producers and veterinarians is observed.
 Communication among family members has been encouraged since father had never listened to other family membersf ideas.


Case study ‚R:@Meeting with Employees

A dairy farm@located in a residential area;
# cow 60 @father i61 yrsj, mother i58 yrsj, son i32yrs, not married) and 8 part-time employees ©house-wives and retired senior persons employed for milking

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Part-time employees and family members participated in the meeting

Findings:
 Part-timers have professional awareness and knowledge.
 It is suggested to make use of comment/observation-notebook for better information exchanges among employees.
 The meeting enables family members and employees to get to know each other better.

 

 

In conclusion, participatory tools are useful for;
› understanding producers and their needs
› enabling producers to play more independent roles for solving their own
problems on farm and within area

But, it is necessary to conduct further studies for monitoring such producers described in case studies and consequent development of new tools.

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@Copyrighted by Kadohira's laboratory, All rights reserved, 2005