Not veterinarians ; but producers know better
Application of participatory tools for improving communication between veterinarians and small scale dairy producers in Japan*
Kadohira,M. (Obihiro Univ. of Agri. and Vet.Medicine,Japan)
Horikita, T. (Chiba NOSAI*,Japan)
*What is NOSAI ?
@ Itfs an agriculture mutual insurance system for livestock.
- to understand producersf problems from their viewpoint
- to enable producers to play pivotal roles for solving their own problems
- to learn whether participatory tools are useful for objectives 1 & 2
Materials and Methods
@ Participatory tools are
@@ 1) created to understand problems and empower people
@@ 2) to enable local people to analyze and solve their own problems
Order of tool usage
@@ 1) problem listing and sorting by brain-storming using the K-J method
@@ 2) problem ranking
@@ 3) problem tree analysis
@@ 4) objective tree analysis
@@ 5) action plan
This work was supported in part by research project, grant in aid for scientific research (#16613003) from JSPS.
Case study1:@Producer Group meeting
gWhat are your main concern on continuing your dairy business?h
Problem listing and sorting using K-J method
Ranking their problems using pair-wise ranking method
gAgeh was ranked No.1, but gProfith was used as an example.
Making a problem tree on one subject
Making an objective tree
Producers design own action plans
gWhat can I do for improving udder health?h
Taking actions and monitoring progress with veterinarians
This approach enables producers to clarify problems for
improving farm management.
Group meetings create an opportunity among producers to
learn by themselves.
Step-by-step process is important for producers to recognize
their problems and find their own solutions by themselves.
Case study Q:@@Family Meeting
A dairy farm@@@run by a family of three; father i58 yrsj, mother i56 yrsj, son i33yrs, not married)# cow 44
Problems analyzed by veterinarians (Fig.1)
Problems identified by family members (Fig.2)
By the end of the meeting, Father said
Problems on the farm are clearly identified and visualized.
Difference in problem listing/ranking between producers and veterinarians is observed.
Communication among family members has been encouraged since father had never listened to other family membersf ideas.
Case study R:@Meeting with Employees
A dairy farm@located in a residential area;
# cow 60 @father i61 yrsj, mother i58 yrsj, son i32yrs, not married)
and 8 part-time employees ©house-wives and retired senior persons
employed for milking
Part-time employees and family members participated in the meeting
Part-timers have professional awareness and knowledge.
It is suggested to make use of comment/observation-notebook for better information exchanges among employees.
The meeting enables family members and employees to get to know each other better.
In conclusion, participatory tools are useful for;
understanding producers and their needs
enabling producers to play more independent roles for solving their own
problems on farm and within area
But, it is necessary to conduct further studies for monitoring such producers
described in case studies and consequent development of new tools.